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Minor Requirements

Students who wish to minor in Symbolic Systems should review the requirements and steps to declare below.


Students may minor in Symbolic Systems by completing either Option 1 or Option 2 below, subject to the University Policy on Minors. See also the Introductory Skill Requirements course list.

Option 1: One in each

One course in each of the following core areas (please note that several of these courses have prerequisites):

Option 2: Both of the following

SYMSYS 1. Minds and Machines (same as LINGUIST 35, PHIL 99, PSYCH 35)
An interdisciplinary pre-Approved Concentration
  • The Individually Designed Concentration option is not available for a minor.
  • The selection of courses used for the minor must be interdisciplinary; i.e., it must include courses from at least three departments or include more than one course from each of two departments.
  • Contingent Electives, which are available when Symbolic Systems major Core courses are cross-applied to Concentration requirements, are not applicable to a minor in Symbolic Systems

Visit the Concentrations page

How to Declare the Minor

  • Declare via Axess. 
  • After declaring in Axess, please email symsys-sso [at] (symsys-sso[at]stanford[dot]edu) with your course planning guide for completing the minor.
  • On approval of the course planning guide, your declaration will be processed and completed.